Home Europe Romania The Architecture of Bucharest’s Buildings

The Architecture of Bucharest’s Buildings

The Architecture of Bucharest’s Buildings
Sitraco Business Center - Architecture of Bucharest, Romania

We got our self-guided walking tour of Bucharest started at Strada Pictor Barbu Iscovescu and walking up to Piaţa Romană. Those are street names. I think. Advertising in Bucharest is quite bold. Larger than life. Coke and Pepsi are having it out with which company can out-scream the other.

Sitraco Business Center – Architecture of Bucharest, Romania

A water jet fountain at Parcul Unirii. Parcul means Park in Romanian. Unirii is the street name.

Local elections are being held June 10 between 7 major political parties and a bunch of minority ones. The billboards are everywhere and much larger than the yard signs found in America.

Rome Square is a small area with a statue based on the Capitoline Wolf:

The Capitoline Wolf (Latin: Lupa Capitolina) is a bronze sculpture of a she-wolf suckling twin infants, inspired by the legend of the founding of Rome. According to the legend, when Numitor, grandfather of the twins Romulus and Remus, was overthrown by his brother Amulius, the usurper ordered the twins to be cast into the Tiber River. They were rescued by a she-wolf who cared for them until a herdsman, Faustulus, found and raised them.

To get across the street, there is an entrance leading to a tunnel that goes under the street. The driving in Bucharest is aggressive and getting across requires more awareness and agility than it should. The boulevard is eight [maybe more] lanes wide and there aren’t many places to cross overground. The passage at Rome Square is called the Latin Passage.

How’s this for a hospital? Colţea Hospital was built by Mihai Cantacuzino between 1701 and 1703, but in 2011 it was renovated and is now one of Romania’s most modern hospitals though it looks more like a museum.

Colţea Hospital

This is an impressive building — The Palace of the Parliament. It’s also the world’s heaviest building.

A colossal building, designed and supervised by chief architect Anca Petrescu, with a team of approximately 700 architects, and constructed over a period of 13 years (1984 to 1997), it was built as a monument for a totalitarian kitsch style of architecture, in Totalitarian and modernist Neoclassical architectural forms and styles, with socialist realism in mind.

The Palace was ordered by Nicolae Ceaușescu, the dictator of Communist Romania and the second of two longtime autocrats in power in the country since World War II, during a period in which the personality cult of political worship and adoration was in full force for him and his family. Known for its ornate interior composed of 23 sections, it houses the two houses of the Parliament of Romania: the Senate (Senat) and the Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor), along with three museums and an international conference center. The several museums hosted inside the Palace are the National Museum of Contemporary Art, the Museum of Communist Totalitarianism (established in 2015) and the Museum of the Palace. Though originally named the House of the Republic when under its long period of construction (Romanian: Casa Republicii), after the Romanian Revolution in December 1989 it became widely known as The People’s House (Romanian: Casa Poporului).

Due to its impressive endowments, events organized by state institutions and international bodies such as conferences, symposia, and others take place there, but even so about 70% of the building almost four decades later still remains empty.

In 1990, Australian business and media magnate Rupert Murdoch wanted to buy the building for US $1 billion, but his bid was rejected. As of 2008, the Palace of the Parliament is valued at €3 billion euros ($3.4 billion), making it also the most expensive administrative building in the world. The cost of heating and electric use and lighting alone exceeds $6 million per year, as much as the total cost for powering a medium-sized city.


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